Historical Evidence

2nd Temple - Sanhedrin Holy Day Calendar

Ruach V'Emet Yeshvat and the OMJRA use the following official Holy Day calendar, which is based on the Spring crop harvest in Israel. The Spring crop in Israel is also the determining factor for the Sanhedrin and 2nd Temple rabbis used when adding Adar 2 or when starting a new Holy Day year. Determining the leap year by using the Spring crops in Israel also means the 2nd Temple Sanhedrin established Passover and all of the 2nd temple Holy Days based on the Spring crop. The 2nd Temple rabbis taught this, as the Talmud, Sanhedrin 11b states: "Our Rabbis taught: A year may be intercalated on three grounds: on account of the premature state of the corn-crops; or that of the fruit-trees; or on account of the lateness of the Tekufah Any two of these reasons can justify intercalation, but not one alone. All, however, are glad when the state of the Spring-crop is one of them." The rabbis and the Sanhedrin also taught where in the land of Israel it was acceptable for the barley to be sighted: “Our Rabbis taught: The grain and fruit of the following three regions are taken as the standard for deciding upon the declaration of a leap-year: Judea, Trans-Jordania, and Galilee. The requirements of two of these regions might determine the intercalation, but not those of a single one. All, however, were glad when one of the two was Judea, because the barley for the Omer was obtained by preference in Judea." The Spring crops in Israel have historically been the primary determining factor when establishing the Holy days. The 2nd temple rabbis confirm this as outlined in the Talmud. As an Orthodox Messianic Jewish organizations Ruach V’Emet and the OMJRA chooses to use this ancient historical orthodox method to determine the feast days. Yeshua would have also followed 2nd Temple Holy Days based on the Spring crop. Therefore, messianic groups should observe Holy Days based on the Spring crop in Israel. Printer Formatted Calendar Version